The Wolf (Canis lupus), a once dominant mammal, is one of the wild animals that has virtually disappeared from the earth’s surface due to their systematic extinction. This was especially the case in North America and Western Europe, where we were even close to extinction during the 1960s, the magazine recalls. GEO. Of the 170,000 wolves currently living freely in the world, most are found in Russia, Canada and Alaska; in Europe, where they enjoy protected species status, the population, currently estimated at 15,000 individuals, is slowly recovering. Those currently occupying the Central European plain, of which Germany is a part, are descended from wolves from Poland, who gradually migrated west. It was in the year 2000 that the first youth scouts were born in the country since the mid-19th century. According to figures from the German Nature Conservation Association (NABU), in November 2021 there were 157 flocks (pairs with offspring, with an average of 8 individuals), 27 pairs without young and 19 isolated individuals on German territory.
With 26 additional packages compared to 2020, the population is certainly increasing, but its future is not yet fully secured. For a population to have a 95% chance of surviving, you need 1,000 adult animals. From this point of view, NABU is hopeful, for the wolves reproduce well and the game abounds in the German forests. But the animals, even though they are protected by law, are the target of breeders who accuse them of attacking their herds. The situation varies according to the states, it is at the local level that it is most often necessary to act. NABU focuses on prevention, while some state governments support slaughter. The debate has particularly raged this winter in Bavaria and Lower Saxony. On April 30, 2022, on the occasion of “Wolf’s Day”, the associations of farmers and breeders again demonstrated to request permission to kill the wolves suspected of having committed attacks on the grazing animals. The total number of such attacks was 4,000 in 2020.