The 8 most dangerous animals in France

The Asian goat ham

Among the approximately 400 invasive species recorded in France, the Asian goat hamster (Vespa velutina nigrithorax). These insects of about 2 cm are a threat to honeybees. When they discover a beehive, they attack the residents, decapitate them with their mandibles and take only thorax, which is rich in protein.

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But its sting is also particularly painful for humans. Many people get bitten every year and some even die from it.

The black Widow

Its name is enough to make arachnophobes shudder: Europe’s black widow. Also called “Malmignatte” or “Mediterranean black widow”, this little black spider is recognizable by its 13 red dots on the belly. It is found in France throughout Corsica, in the south and along the Atlantic coast.

Its sinister name is due to the fact that the females, which average 1.5 cm, eat the smaller males after mating. Add to that the fact that its Australian and American cousins ​​are extremely dangerous, their bites can be fatal.

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The European black widow spider is less dangerous. Its sting is actually not fatal, but can still cause major health problems if left untreated.

The adder

The most important species found in France are aspen viper, Péliade viper, Orsini viper and Pyrenees viper (from Seoane). The bite of this snake, although rare, is fatal (about one death a year), must mandatorily lead the victim to go to the hospital, even if the adder has not expelled venom (we are then talking about “white bite”). An injection of anti-poison can be performed.

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The fleet

The fleet wins. While the risk of being bitten in the past was greatest in forests, wooded and moist areas and tall prairie grasses, the risk is now also present in public and private gardens.

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Problem, the mite attacks both animals and humans and can carry diseases. The best known is Lyme disease. 15% of ticks carry the bacteria responsible for this disease.

To avoid getting bitten, there are some simple tips to apply: wear light and opaque clothing, closed shoes, do not walk in tall grass, sit on a rug rather than directly in the grass, and inspect their clothing regularly.

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He is our summer nightmare: the mosquito! The “traditional” mosquito buzzes in our ears at night when the tiger mosquito is silent and active around the clock. And take care of him. In addition to giving you itchy pimples, the tiger mosquito (Aedes albopictus) is particularly dangerous because it can carry viruses such as chikungunya, Zika or dengue fever.

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long live

If the large lively one lives in deep water, this is not the case with the small lively one (Echiichthys vipera). This fish, measuring from 10 to 18 cm, has taken up residence along our shores, in the sand, very close to the shore. The problem is that the little one has a formidable weapon: poisonous spines on the dorsal fin. Woe to the swimmer who would have the misfortune to step on it.

Although usually not fatal, its sting is extremely painful and needs to be treated. Toxic effects include nausea, severe headache, palpitations, fever and dizziness.

Since the poison is thermolabile, apply heat quickly to the affected area.

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However, if sharks are rare in the metropolitan area of ​​France, they are numerous in the overseas territories. It is thus possible to meet several species in the West Indies: the mako, the tiger shark and the bulldog shark. Attacks are rare.

On the other hand, they are more frequent on Réunion Island. The five species of sharks that are considered dangerous to humans are present there, with a greater likelihood of encountering a bulldog shark or a tiger shark, which develops close to shore. Further off the coast will be the mako shark, the sea shark and the white shark, which prefer deeper or temperate waters. The majority of the attacks concern surfers.


The millipede, which comes from the same family as millipedes and woodlice, is an arthropod, more precisely a millipede, called “the millipede beast” of Guadeloupe. It is found both in the Caribbean and the southern part of the metropolitan area of ​​France.

It has two fangs under its head and venom glands just below its jaws to better bite the insects it eats. Better not to disturb it because the millipede attacks when it feels in danger. The consequences can be serious, depending on which area has been bitten or whether the “victim” is a child. The bidet is very painful and can cause swelling.

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