Discover 5 species of wild cats

They are often larger than their domestic offspring, and they are unknown to the general public. However, wild cats are present all over the world and have extraordinary physical abilities. Explanations.

Regardless of its origin, your cat is a mammal belonging to the carnivorous order. In this order we find lions, tigers, lynx, panthers, jaguars, cougars as well as domestic and wild cats.

What is a wildcat?

That wild cats are carnivores not known to the general public. However, they are present on most continents: Asia, America, Africa, Europe.

Wild cats are felines that belong to the Felidae family (or Felidae in Latin). This family is currently divided into three subfamilies:


This subfamily has been extinct for about 10,000 years. It represented the big cats with particularly long canines like the sand-toothed tiger.


Also called “big cats”, this subfamily refers to animals that are capable of roaring. We find there the lion, the jaguar or the panther.


This subfamily includes all other felines. That is, those who can spin but not roar. They are generally referred to as “small cats” and of “wild cats”. This subfamily is the closest physically to our domestic cats.



that Serval (UServuslisten)) is a large African feral cat that was used for the creation of Savannah cats. This cat bears some resemblance to the cheetah. He is able to run up to 80 km / h and has a spotted coat. Of a robust nature, it can live up to 20 years.

  • Height and weight : males and females weigh on average from 12 kg to 26 kg and are on average 1.30 m long.
  • Physical features: this cat is long-legged with large rounded ears.
  • Fur: The serval’s hair is short and resembles that of a cheetah.
  • Grade : The serval is a solitary animal that only lives in pairs during the mating season.
  • Lifestyle : this wild cat lives in Africa and feeds exclusively on small animals such as rodents, birds, amphibians and insects.



that karakal (karakal karakal), also called desert louse, is easily recognizable thanks to its black hair on the ears. Present in the African savannas, the caracal is a formidable carnivore capable of jumping 2 to 3 meters to catch its prey.

  • Height and weight :males and females weigh on average 6 kg to 19 kg and are 73 to 78 cm long.
  • Physical features: the caracal’s ears have 20 different muscles, which means that it can easily move the ears and have good hearing.
  • Fur: this cat wears a tan dress all over the body except the belly, which remains white.
  • Grade : A solitary, nocturnal animal, this feral cat marks its territory with its urine and scratch marks on trees.
  • Lifestyle : the caracal has a territory that can vary from 19 to 220 km². In general, this cat prefers open areas dotted with bushes and rocks from which its ambush leaves.



that manul (Otocolobus manul), also called Pallas’ cat, in honor of the German zoologist Peter Simon Pallas, who discovered it in the late 18th century, is a solitary wild cat that lives mainly in Asia, China and Russia. This compact, dense feral cat is very recognizable with its sour face and angry appearance.

  • Height and weight : males and females weigh on average 3 kg to 5 kg and are 50 to 60 cm long.
  • Physical features: Manul has a very long and very thick coat, which makes it look great.
  • Fur: this wild cat is usually gray, white and brown.
  • Grade : Manul is a solitary animal, very territorial and quite aggressive.
  • Lifestyle : with its thick fur, it can live in areas where the temperature drops to -50 ° C. It feeds mainly on small rodents and birds.

The Margay

The Margay

that Margay (Leopardus wiedii) also called tiger cat, is a very agile wild cat that lives in the forests of Central and South America. This cat has a small size close to a domestic cat. He is very recognizable with his spotted coat that looks like a leopard.

  • Height and weight : males and females weigh on average 2 kg to 4 kg and are 40 to 50 cm long.
  • Physical features: this wild cat has large round eyes, a long tail and a slender body.
  • Fur: Margayen has a beautiful short and soft coat, with yellow-brown spots surrounded by black.
  • Grade : this very discreet feral cat lives mainly at night to avoid noise and bad encounters.
  • Lifestyle : The margay lives almost exclusively in trees, mimicking the call of its prey to attract them.

The sand cat

The sand cat

that sand cat, unlike Serval, is a small wildcat. Very good nocturnal hunter, it is perfectly adapted to life in the desert. It is found in arid and desert areas such as northern Africa, Saudi Arabia, Iran and Pakistan.

  • Height and weight : males and females weigh on average 1.5 kg to 3.5 kg and are 45 to 57 cm long.
  • Physical features: this cat can be identified by its triangular head and large pointed ears.
  • Fur: it is often sand-colored and may be spotted, striped, or both.
  • Grade : very solitary, it frequents only its congeners during the breeding season.
  • Lifestyle : this little feline eats a little of everything, primarily small rodents, insects and spiders

See also: Wildlife: is it absolutely necessary to save the pilot in France?

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