Volkswagen ID.3: charging and travel times for our Supertest

Volkswagen ID.3

Volkswagen ID.3 has no more secrets for you regarding autonomy after the first part of the Supertest. It remains to be seen how it behaves in front of fast charging stations and on long journeys with this second part.

To shed light on electric cars and their consumption, we decided to perform tests in real life size, which made each model examined travel almost 2,000 km. An opportunity to measure the autonomy of long journeys on the motorway, but also the mixed consumption and charging forces of the fast terminals. For this we have implemented a strict protocol for each car.

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Charging curves of Volkswagen ID.3: a “useful” full in 33 minutes

Apart from the slow charging chapter, where Volkswagen can not compete with Megane e-Tech, it has a fast DC charging power of 120 kW. It is almost 10 kW less than on Renault’s technical side. According to the brochure, the recharging time from 5 to 80% is 35 minutes. In fact, the ID.3 keeps all its promises, and more: connected from 5%, the compact quickly climbed up to a power of 131 kW ! This is the maximum we could observe during the test, on a Fastned terminal and without having activated the preheating of the battery.

Then follows a charging curve with a profile modeled after the other curves that we have observed, however with higher power values ​​of no more than 2 kW at the intermediate SoCs. Unfortunately, the power peak does not last, but the high forces hold up to 20% before they form a first step. It is from 25% that the curves for our full charges met. But despite barely lower powers, recharge times are the same down to the minute.

In the end, 10-80% recharging of the Volkswagen ID.3 requires 33 minutes very accurately. When cold, with a peak value of 107 kW at 10%, the same type of charge will only take 1’30 ” more. Not enough to change the life of a motorist on the long journey. Especially since they will be rare to fill up at a fast charging station early in the morning before departure. At these 70% load, Volkswagen achieved an average of 41.5 kWh according to the display on the terminals, or 40.6 kWh according to the strict rule of three taking into account the useful capacity of the battery. The difference is small.

DC fast charging curves

The curve forms a final plateau between 70 and 80%. In addition, it will take 10 minutes more to reach 90%. In total, the total time is just under 59 min to complete a 10-100%. The percentage hunt has its limits on the motorway, as to go into detail with ID.3 you lose almost 20% in 43 km, of which 2% is only consumed when leaving the rest area.

Typical recharge curve

Restored autonomy: 157 km in 30 minutes

According to our measurements, the Volkswagen ID.3 has a total autonomy of 243 km, or 170 km of useful autonomy. On a fast terminal, it is therefore able to regain 170 km of autonomy in 33 min. Always from a SoC of 10% it will be possible to win 97 km in 15 min all the way around, while it will take almost an hour to count on a motorway range of 218 km.

Still in terms of autonomy, the display is linear in its messages, but still a bit optimistic. According to theoretical calculations, according to all our motorway readings, it is based on an average consumption of 21.7 kWh / 100 km. In reality, this corresponds to a difference in autonomy of a maximum of 10 km. Difference that decreases when the battery charge decreases: there is a difference of 7 km at 20%, 3 km at 10% and 2 km at 7%. The SoC / autonomy ratio therefore seems to be quite reassuring.

Restored autonomy / recharge time

How much do Volkswagen ID.3 recharges cost?

Volkswagen has the advantage of being part of the consortium of manufacturers gathered around the Ionity charging network. With the compact, drivers can take advantage of advantageous prices via the We Charge identification mark, which provides access to more than 250,000 charging points in Europe. There are three formulas, in particular the We Charge Plus offer for € 9.99 / month the first year, then € 17.49 / month. In this case, the price at the Ionity terminals drops to € 0.30 / min.

In other words, 10-80% top-up costs only € 9.99, ie. a direct cost of 5.82 € / 100 km. Quite attractive for a motorway trip, especially given the full price of 0.79 € / min., Which would raise the bill to 26.07 € (15.34 € / 100 km). But this case must be taken into account as the brand supplied by Volkswagen was not recognized at the Ionity station in Maison-Dieu.

Volkswagen ID.3

In addition, the We Charge mark was not accepted at Fastned terminals. Luckily, if we had an extra Chargemap badge, they also offer the option to pay directly by credit card. According to the information provided by the terminal, the exercise represents a charge of 41.5 kWh, or € 24.49, or a price of 14.41 € / 100 km.

For this trip on the A6 motorway in a south / north direction, we had to top up three times for a net amount (excluding operator fees) of € 45.41. That is a total price of € 10.56 / 100 km before our last stage (a distance of 430 km). As usual, we do not calculate the cost price over 500 km, as it is the price of the last recharge to find the starting SoC that determines the total price.

On-board route planner, ABRP and ChargeMap: ABRP in the lead (after a while)

Last exercise of this Clean Automobile Supertest of Volkswagen ID.3, the comparison of route planners. Available on the central screen, the navigation of the German electric is particularly comfortable. It takes the trouble to warn that the destination is out of range of the remaining autonomy and shows an ice distance map of the radius of action.

From our starting point, it selects the A7 and A6 motorways, which serve as our base for reaching the Porte d’Orléans in Paris, the finish line of our journey. With 80% charge available, sufficient to reach the Fastned station at regulatory speeds, the planner nevertheless prefers the Ionity terminals, necessarily and a total station. In the end, he provides three stops for 1h17 recharging (a total of 6h25 with travel times).

The A Better Route Planner application is just as fond of Ionity terminals with a stop at the three major stations on the route. But with a better database with this vehicle, the recharge times are pretty close to reality, while it makes us arrive at the stations with 10% of the charge left (except for the Taponas). In short, according to him, it takes 4t42 road and 51 minutes of recharging for a total of 5t33.

ChargeMap manages to target the Fastned station in Saint-Ambreuil and the Ionity terminal in Maison-Dieu, but takes us through the Total station in the Couline area. Total operations: 47 minutes charging and 4h20 on the road (total 5h07). Again, within minutes, the chills are pretty much real. Minus the SoC predictions when arriving at the terminals. Proof of this is with the first prediction, where the ChargeMap system predicts a rate of 23% when arriving at the Fastned station.

In fact, we got there with 7% back. First fill up to 70%: 27 minutes. Enough to earn just enough to reach the Maison-Dieu area, where we achieved 12-70% in 25 minutes. Finally last recharge at an Ionity terminal near Nemours with 11 minutes of immobilization.

In the end, our strategy, based on that of Renault Megane e-Tech, reviewed a few days earlier, resulted in a trip of 4h22 and 1h03 with recharging for 500 km. By adding the time of development in the areas, our journey represents 5h37. In the case of the Volkswagen ID.3, the A Better Route Planner seems closest to reality. ChargeMap is not far behind, but its slightly too optimistic first estimate has turned charging time upside down. Otherwise, the ratio of SoC consumed / traveled km is the closest to what we have observed in reality. This calculation method is certainly not very strict, but it is the one that speaks most to neophytes.

What is the Supertest?

Lovers of numbers and allergic to official data sheets, Supertesten, Automobile-Propres new test format, is made for you, and collects data collected during a test under real conditions and according to a transparent and accurate protocol. We will publish a new summary article next Wednesday makes it possible to compare the noted values ​​of the tested models, which will make the whole value of the headline.

If you want to move on, do not hesitate to consult our tests and exchange with the community on our discussion forum.

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