Moroccan Sahara: If Algiers knew

What the Algerian junta has apparently not decided to understand is that the question of its Sahara has already been sent to Morocco.

While the Security Council has just met behind closed doors on 20 April 2022 to discuss the Moroccan Sahara, we can probably only be satisfied with the many strings that Moroccan diplomacy has been able to add to its bow during the last exercise for to ensure international recognition for the completion of national territorial integrity. As of today, twenty-five countries have established consulates in the Sahara provinces, including the United States, the world’s leading power, which is equivalent to considering that region as definitely under Moroccan sovereignty.

Others, such as Germany and Spain, have not gone so far, but it goes without saying that the more or less assertive support they now give to the initiative to negotiate an autonomy does not like any ambiguity either. Meanwhile, Algeria, which since November 1975 has been working for the separation of the Moroccan Sahara and specifically to cut off Morocco from its West African continental depths, still suffers from the sensations: towards Spain, already mentioned above. , it is reduced to threatening to increase the price of the gas it supplies to it, or even to no longer importing oxen, while more generally its burnt land policy, which, as the name suggests, consists primarily in burning his own land, in fact, incidentally, a quasi paria. At the Arab level, as we have seen, it insists on including the issue of the Moroccan Sahara at the summit, which it was supposed to host on March 22, 2022, and which it actually wanted to create a platform for the separatist movement. The Polisario Front gave him a formal boycott of many leaders in the region, so much so that the event, now scheduled for November 1, 2022, remains severely threatened and may even end up no longer taking place.

In the rest of Africa, too, it is no longer the confident Algeria that, with the help of petrodollars, practically got rain or shine and managed to make the African Union (AU) a directly armed arm of its diplomacy to harm Morocco’s higher interests. : since the end of January 2017, the Kingdom put an end to the empty chair policy it had adopted in various circumstances in the mid-1980s following the accession of the pseudo-“Sahrawi Arab” Democratic Republic “(SADR) to the Organization of African Unity (OAU), we see the continent’s authorities take a more balanced stance towards the Moroccan Sahara, after pushing for some time until the appointment, in June 2014, of the former Mozambican president, Joaquim Chissano, as Special Envoy.

Truth be told, there is only South Africa left whose leaders in truth seem to be completely unaware of the historical and human reality of the Moroccan Sahara, to still support the Algerian crusade against Morocco, while Nigeria, which was until once a almost systematically allied by the eastern neighbor within the framework of especially the New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD), has since the visit in early December 2016 by King Muhammad VI, more nuanced and now even favors the Moroccan-Nigerian “Atlantic Africa” gas pipeline project to the detriment of Trans-Saharan Africa, which was to pass through Niger into Algerian territory. Finally, internationally, the vote, which is the Cold War in Algeria worthy of Russia, which is especially reflected in the fact that Algeria has long been the first customer of Russian weapons in the world (!), Has virtually banished it from nations, if not for its gas resources, on which mainly southern European countries such as Spain and Italy depend, and the fear that open condemnation will further destabilize a region which, in Libya and Mali, already has hotbeds of tension.

What the Algerian junta has apparently not decided to understand is that for Morocco, the issue of its Sahara has already been addressed and that it will never relinquish the historical rights it has there, whether it finances, ports, arms and diplomatic support. Polisario, as terminated in a letter dated early April 2018 by King Mohammed VI to the Secretary-General of the United Nations (UN), Antonio Guterres. If there really is a solution, it will go through the hand that Morocco has given it to establish a common political mechanism for dialogue and consultation, and that it will stop hiding behind so-called support for legality. The Algerian president, Abdelmadjid Tebboune, always has time to accept it; by continuing to reject it, it is first his own country and then the whole Maghreb that he does harm. In light of his first two years as president, unfortunately, there does not seem to be anything to hope for …


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