Monkey Cups: Should We Be Concerned About Cases Detected in Europe?

Is the health threat real? This is one of the questions that arises after the discovery of several dozen cases of monkey pox – or monkey orthopox virus – in Europe, an endemic disease in West Africa. She observes herself “mainly in isolated areas of central and western Africa, near tropical rainforests”details WHO.

Cups of the character are transmitted from wild animals

The first cases of monkey poop are thought to have appeared in the UK in early May. The first individual discovered recently indicated having traveled to Nigeria, which is not the case for the other infected persons.

“These recent cases, along with reports of incidents in various European countries, confirm what we initially feared there may be transmission of monkey pox in our community.”said Dr. Susan Hopkins, UKHSA’s senior medical adviser, in a statement.

Outside Europe, Canada and the United States have also confirmed the presence of the virus on their territory.

“The virus is mainly transmitted to humans from various wild animals, rodents or primates, for example, but secondary spread by human-to-human transmission is limited,” the WHO explains on its official website.

Infections have been particularly documented in Africa after handling monkeys, Gambian giant rats and squirrels. “Consumption of poorly cooked meat from infected animals is a possible risk factor”adds WHO.

Human-to-human transmission appears to be very limited. It would follow “respiratory droplet particles” and would require “usually prolonged face-to-face contact”.

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What are the symptoms of monkey pox?

The incubation period for monkey pox is usually 6 to 16 days and the disease can last two to four weeks. It manifests itself in fever, muscle aches, rash on the face and body or the appearance of lymph nodes.

If the disease, which was eradicated in 1980, has no specific treatment or vaccine, it seems to cure itself.

“Smallpox vaccination has previously been shown to be 85% effective in preventing monkey pox, but the vaccine is no longer available to the public after its production was discontinued after global eradication. Smallpox.”explains WHO.

What is the risk of monkey pox in humans?

If the WHO wants to be reassuring for the time being, the multiplication of pollution outbreaks raises questions.

“We see infection among men who have sex with men“, which is “new information that we need to study properly to better understand transmission”said Ibrahima Socé Fall, WHO’s Deputy Director – General for Emergency Preparedness. However, the Centers for Disease Prevention and Control (CDC) in the United States recalled that “Anyone, regardless of sexual orientation, can spread monkey pox”.

A study is currently being conducted by the WHO with the European Center for Disease Control and the UK Health Safety Agency “to assess each of these cases, the source of their infection”. The organization also points out on its website that “In general, the death rate from monkey pox outbreaks has been between 1% and 10%, with most deaths occurring in younger people”.

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Zoonosis: a more and more common phenomenon?

In a study published in late April in the scientific journal Nature, researchers highlighted the risk of potential virus transmission between animal species in the future due to climate change. A phenomenon associated with climate change that is likely to push many animals to flee their current ecosystems to move towards habitable areas.

If it’s too late to reverse the trend, one of the study’s researchers, Colin Carlson, stressed the need for “to recognize that global warming will be the most important vector for the emergence of diseases, and to prepare our health systems for it;“.

Also read:

These diseases that can occur in France due to global warming

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