- Dina Mustafa
- BBC News Arabic
Dr. Ahmed Karima, professor of comparative case law at Al-Azhar University, confirmed in an interview with an Egyptian channel that “a dog is clean and can be raised in houses”, a widespread debate on social networks.
The controversy began when Ahmed Karima responded to a follower during the TV interview, asking, “Why didn’t the cavemen’s dog come in with them and ask? Didn’t sleep outside?”
Karima replied, “The dog that followed the people in the cave was guarding, and usually the watchdog is at the door, indicating that the dog is not originally unclean, and that is what the watchdog is standing at the door.” Imam Malik bin Anas said because he has a rule that says that every being is pure, and impurity is not original, but rather random, because the principle is that in what God has created, everything is pure. ” Karima supported the words of Imam Malik.
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Karima explained that “in heirlooms there is an exaggeration of the question of the uncleanness of the dog, and that it is one of God’s creations, and God does not create anything unclean”.
Karima pointed out that “a dog’s impurity is only in his saliva and not in the rest of his body. If he touches a human or if that person keeps the dog, then there is nothing in there”.
Ahmed Karima said, for example, that dogs in the countryside cling to humans and enter homes, stressing that “there is nothing wrong with a person raising a dog”.
Karima also spoke of “the purity of the pig.” Imam Malik Ibn Anas was quoted as saying that “the pig itself is a pure animal, but its flesh is forbidden”, explaining that “the pig is pure in itself because God has nothing created by uncleanness.”
Opinions were divided among tweeters about the statements, between those who agreed with him based on the Malikite mindset and those who believed that the dog was not pure based on the Hanbali mindset.
A group of tweeters rejected Ahmed Karima’s remarks, calling them “false” and “strange”.
Others ruled out that the dog was clean, as Karima said.
And a tweet asked, “Have you finished all the important topics to ask about the dog and the pig’s body?”
While some urged “not to discuss the word of God,” according to what they said.
Supporters of dog purity
On the other hand, another group supported Karima’s opinion, pointing out that the dog is pure according to the Malikite mindset and that Karima was not mistaken in throwing all this controversy after him.
While some have indicated that this is not Ahmed Karima’s personal opinion, but rather Sharia and Islamic jurisprudence.
Researchers’ divergence about dog purity
At a time when tweeters were supporting Dr. Ahmed Karima’s statements, Abbas Shoman, fatwa supervisor at Al-Azhar Al-Sharif, told the BBC that there is a divergence among researchers regarding the purity of dogs.
Shoman pointed out that there are three opinions one can trust: The first of them is that the dog is pure based on Imam Malick’s opinion, but this statement is appropriate for the military police who use dogs to detect drugs and explosives.
He added: “This advice can be taken in this case, as for the breeding of dogs at home, it is intended for breeders who use dogs for guard and hunting, but it is definitely not suitable for breeding dogs at home, because there are, contrary to Imam Malick’s view, an opinion from Imam Ibn Hanbal, who sees that the dog is completely unclean and therefore unfit to be brought up in houses. “
Mr. Shoman believed that “every case has its own fatwa”, pointing out that “the lawyers disagreed about the purity of the dog, but most lawyers agreed on the impurity of its saliva”, and therefore “anyone who can not be on guard against dog cleanliness “by his tongue and his contact with utensils and other things in houses, then he should not raise the dog.”
Abbas Shoman pointed out that “there is disagreement between the Malikites and the Hanbalites about the purity of the dogs. Malik bin Anas thinks he is clean, while Ibn Hanbal thinks he is not clean.”
He added: “Each opinion has its advantages and its considerations and its suitability for the situation of those who want to own a dog, but it is better to be wary of its saliva, as it may contain impurities or microbes.”
As for the purity of the pigs, Schumann pointed out that “pork is unclean and it is forbidden to eat it and it is not allowed to possess or eat it” and that this is what scholars of Islamic jurisprudence agree on.
Mr. Shoman ended his interview with the BBC by “drawing attention to key issues, asking about the relevance of the controversy surrounding the dog and the pig”, describing them as “sub-questions, old and repeated, and their decisions are clear in Islamic case law, while all overlook more important immediate issues that require treatment and the diligence of scholars. ”