What preventive measures against monkeys in Benin?

A new threat has been hovering over human health and wildlife for a few days. Cases of Monkeypox Monkeypox has been reported in Africa and several parts of the world. Faced with the health crisis, the health authorities are already taking action. What about the Beninese authorities.

Monkey pox or Monkey pox, an infectious disease has been reported in several parts of the world, especially in Nigeria, a country bordering Benin.

Five cases of Monkeypox have been declared in France per. May 24, 2022, according to Public Health France.

In Nigeria, monkey pox has already caused 8 deaths and more than 550 cases. The virus has already spread to 32 states across the country, according to the Centers for Disease Control (NCDC).

The health authorities in the affected countries have not been passive in the face of the emergence of the new health threat. Monkeypox’s long-term monitoring of the mandatory declaration system is stepped up and information and warning messages are sent to healthcare professionals.

Even countries that have not yet been reached are already taking action. Through a memorandum dated 23 May 2022, Mali’s Director General of Health and Public Hygiene instructed the regional directors in these terms: “Faced with this new threat, I instruct you to take the necessary measures: strengthening epidemiological surveillance at all levels. of the health pyramid ensure strict application of national directives in the fight against this disease; national technical guidelines ”.

According to statistics from the World Health Organization (WHO), 80 confirmed cases of Monkeypox virus contamination have been registered worldwide, and 50 investigations are underway per year. May 20, 2022

What are the Beninese authorities doing about a health threat in a globalized world? What are the preventive measures against monkey pox in Benin? Only a few kilometers separate Benin from Nigeria, where cases have been discovered. But no preventive measures have yet been announced by Benin’s Ministry of Health.

Officially, no case of monkey poop has been found in Benin. But should we wait to detect cases of pollution before taking preventive measures?

What is Monkeypox?

Monkey pox is an infectious disease caused by an orthopedic virus. This zoonotic disease is usually transmitted to humans in forest areas in Central and West Africa by wild rodents or primates, but human-to-human transmission is also possible, especially in the family home or in the care environment.

Monkey pox virus infection most often begins with fever, which is often high and accompanied by headaches, body aches and asthenia. After approx. 2 days, a blister rash appears, consisting of fluid-filled blisters that develop into dehydration, crusting and then scarring. Itching may occur. The vesicles tend to be concentrated on the face, palms and soles of the feet. The mucous membranes are also affected, in the mouth and genital area. The lymph nodes are swollen and painful, below the jaw and in the neck.

The incubation of the disease can vary from 5 to 21 days. The fever phase lasts about 1 to 3 days. The disease usually heals spontaneously after 2 to 3 weeks.

Monkey cup virus can be transmitted by direct contact with lesions on the skin or mucous membranes of a sick person, as well as by drops (saliva, sneezing, splashing, etc.). You may also become contaminated by contact with the patient’s surroundings (bedding, clothing, crockery, towels, etc.). It is therefore important that patients observe isolation throughout the duration of the disease (until the last scabs disappear, usually 3 weeks).

Humans can also be infected by contact with animals, wild or in captivity, dead or alive, such as rodents or monkeys.

Monkeypox virus infection is not known as an STI, but direct contact with damaged skin during sex facilitates transmission.

The disease is more severe in children and in immunocompromised people. It can be complicated by superinfection of skin lesions or by respiratory, digestive, ophthalmological or neurological disorders.

MM

www.24haubenin.bj; real-time information

May 25, 2022 af Ignace B. Fanou,
Marc Mensah

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