A dog is greedy by nature, to the point that it is necessary to limit its ration to the strict daily minimum to avoid abnormal weight gain. However, your dog may suck from his bowl from time to time, a short-lived behavior that should not worry you too much. On the other hand, if this phenomenon persists over time and is prolonged, or if it is accompanied by other clinical signs, it is preferable to act because it may mask a more or less serious health problem. Let’s take a look at this case.
Loss of dog appetite: what does this concept cover?
When we talk about loss of appetite in dogs, this notion can refer to three elements:
- pseudoanorexia, which is similar to the inability to eat due to a neurological disorder or pain, but the animal retains its appetite;
- dysorexia or hyporexia, which corresponds to a decrease in the dog’s appetite, which means that it continues to eat, but in smaller amounts than normal;
- canine anorexia, which corresponds to a complete loss of appetite and which results in the animal no longer consuming any food.
Loss of appetite in dogs: what are the causes? What to do ?
Let’s discover the main causes of loss of appetite in dogs and what to do to help your pet.
The dog is not hungry
Your dog may simply not be hungry. An animal that is fed too often or in excessive amounts can sometimes stay away from its bowl and feel full.
It is better if the dog does not have unlimited access to food. To avoid the risk of overweight and obesity, it is best to divide his daily ration into one or two meals and not offer him anything outside. Your dog should be able to eat within 15 to 20 minutes. Then take the bowl from him, whether it is empty or not. His appetite was soon to return.
Remember to adjust the quantities distributed to his real needs. A dog that is aging, or that stops its sporting activity, must reduce its calorie intake, otherwise he risks becoming overweight very quickly. If your animal uses a little, there is no need to overfeed it. Remember that obesity and obesity are dangerous disorders for the dog’s health that cause serious complications (diabetes, cardiovascular disease, etc.).
The puppy is capricious
Like the toddler, the puppy tests the limits it may or may not exceed. Your role is to maintain a fair but firm framework to help him grow in a healthy, safe and secure environment. Around the age of 8 to 10 months, it is not uncommon for puppies to turn out to be somewhat capricious and for them to start buzzing their bowl.
If all went well so far, his diet is fine with him. Do not give in and things should go back to normal.
The puppy loses his milk teeth
From the age of 4 months, the puppy begins to lose his teeth which will gradually be replaced by permanent teeth. During this time, her gums can be sensitive and feeding can be somewhat painful.
In this case, you can help your young poch by offering him, in addition to the croquettes, which you will reduce the amounts of, a wet food in turn.
The dog does not tolerate the heat well
The dog does not tolerate strong heat and its appetite may be affected. This behavior is relatively normal and is not expected to continue. The return of cooler temperatures generally restores its appetite.
In the near future, be sure to offer your dog a more moist food in the form of moss if he sulks in his grains. And of course, make sure he has fresh water within reach at all times.
The dog does not like his kibble
If you have recently changed your dog’s diet, he may not be able to find his new kibble to his liking. In this case, he can start sulking them. Always make sure to make dietary changes carefully, with a progression over several days to avoid digestive disorders. To attract your dog, pour a little gravy on its sting or brewer’s yeast. And if nothing helps, you will definitely be forced to redo the gradual transition to your old croquettes.
Your little companion may suddenly start sulking in his usual diet if his spikes have changed or expired. A bag that has been open for too long tends to cause a change in the taste of the croquettes. Try offering him a new bag, and if the problem is solved, then prefer smaller containers in the future to avoid wasting his food.
The dog has changed environment
Dogs are just as attached as cats to their routine, their daily habits and their territory. These elements are landmarks for those who reassure and structure them. Therefore, if you change your dog’s environment, by moving, going on holiday with him or leaving him with relatives or a boarding house, it may no longer be able to feed as before, due to the stress that this environmental change causes.
In general, the situation resolves itself after a few days. Do not hesitate to reassure him as much as possible to ease these difficult times for him.
The dog is left behind
Your dog becomes attached to all the creatures that make up his daily life. His master, the people in his family, the animals in his home … are all landmarks in his daily life. One of their deaths can be experienced in a violent way by the animal. He may develop anxiety and stop eating.
It is important to accompany your dog to help him rebuild his diet and not sink into depression. In fact, this disorder, very often neglected, can lead to the death of the doggie.
The dog is sick
Loss of appetite is a symptom found in many diseases. Here are some examples:
- gastrointestinal disorders;
- immune disorders;
- neurological conditions;
- respiratory conditions;
- dog ehrlichiosis;
- heart failure;
- liver failure;
- kidney failure;
- food poisoning;
- canine distemper;
- canine parvovirus;
- some tumors.
If you notice that the situation persists or that it is accompanied by other symptoms, contact your veterinarian quickly. An illness may be involved. It is important to put appropriate care in place quickly for the dog’s well-being.
The dog suffers from mouth problems
Dental disorders are unfortunately common. Gingivitis, abscesses, plaque, solution, broken tooth … these problems can cause severe pain that prevents the dog from eating normally. In this case, he is hungry, but he can not eat as he wants. Be sure to consult your veterinarian quickly to remedy this disorder. Your pet should then regain his appetite.
Your dog may also have an inflamed tongue, which in turn will prevent it from eating normally due to discomfort or pain. This is especially the case when the dog licks, bites or ingests a poisonous plant or a processional larva. Also in this case it is necessary to consult the veterinarian without delay.
The dog suffers from indigestion
Digestive disorders are painful and disabling in dogs as well as in humans. Your pet may lose his appetite due to pain, even vomiting or having frequent diarrhea.
Digestive disorders should not be ignored, although they are not always serious. Be sure to consult your veterinarian to identify the cause and find an appropriate solution that promotes a return of his appetite.
The dog is embarrassed at the level of the neck
Your dog may be embarrassed in the throat, especially when a foreign body gets stuck, such as a bone fragment. It is important to consult a veterinarian quickly to remove the item in question. The animal usually regains its appetite immediately.
Many ailments can also prevent him from eating. Oral mucosal infections, difficulty swallowing, damage to the jaw muscles … do not underestimate these problems, which can greatly affect your dog’s ability to eat.
The dog has lost his appetite due to treatment
Some drugs have anorexic effects, which means they can suppress a dog’s appetite. This is especially the case with certain psychotropic drugs. However, if this happens, do not stop treatment. A medical certificate is essential. Your veterinarian will be able to advise you on another solution if necessary, or a gradual cessation to avoid certain catastrophic consequences for the dog.
The dog is stressed
The dog’s stress is a factor that often affects his appetite. While some tend to eat more, many dogs lose their appetite. In this case, it is important to monitor the animal and identify the source of this stress. Help him as much as possible by reassuring him.
On the other hand, if the disorder sets in, it is important to consult your veterinarian. Do not let your dog suffer from anxiety because it can fall into depression, a disorder that can have serious consequences and cause some dogs to die without being able to act.
In any case, and regardless of the cause of your dog’s loss of appetite, it is important to contact your veterinarian if you do not notice any improvement after 48 hours. Do not underestimate this phenomenon, which can mask serious ailments. Better to act as soon as possible to help your pet regain his appetite quickly and easily.
However, if you notice that your dog refuses to hydrate, contact you immediately.