Human rights at the heart of the Moroccan Sahara Autonomy Initiative (DIDH Basic Report)

Wednesday, June 15, 2022 at 20.32

Rabat – Human rights are at the heart of the Moroccan Sahara’s self-government initiative presented by Morocco on 11 April 2007 with a view to achieving a peaceful, realistic and negotiated solution, in line with Council resolutions UN Security, according to a basic report by the Interministerial Delegation for Human Rights (DIDH).

Presented on Wednesday by the Inter-Ministerial Delegate for Human Rights, Ahmed Chaouki Benyoub, who was a guest at the MAP Forum, the report on human rights in the southern provinces of the Kingdom shows that the initiative for autonomy is essentially based on the fundamental values ​​of Moroccan civilization, both culturally and socially and politically.

This is a solution that places particular emphasis on democracy and human rights, adds the same source and notes that the Autonomy Initiative has been developed in accordance with a consultative approach at local and national level, with the local population and its representatives, and by virtue of a national consensus.

According to the report, the Initiative was also based on the principles of international legitimacy, international human rights obligations and the basic rules applicable in international models of autonomy, according to several criteria.

This is the inauguration of the principles of dialogue, peace and negotiation to resolve the conflict, in accordance with the high guidelines of His Majesty King Mohammed VI, who reaffirmed that Morocco “has made our connection to the principles of dialogue, moderation, peace and good neighborliness, and the application of arbitration of international law, constitute the most appropriate way to put an end to the artificial conflict that has arisen over the legitimate restoration of our provinces from the south. “

In line with this enlightened approach and thanks to the political realism that characterizes it, its peaceful and conciliatory aspect, as well as the flexibility of its methods of negotiation, the Autonomy Initiative has proved to be an exemplary political solution, an institutional horizon ambitious. and an effective legal framework for resolving this artificial conflict, the report notes.

It also notes that the Autonomy Initiative is a qualitative contribution to strengthening the process of national reconciliation and consolidation of trust levels.

The report explains that the Autonomy Initiative is seen as the ideal formula for a political solution to the regional conflict over the Moroccan Sahara, as well as for creating an atmosphere conducive to national reconciliation, while building bridges for cooperation, strengthening national ties and facilitate reconciliation. , build trust at the national level and consolidate commitment to building democracy, protecting human rights and achieving development.

In this regard, the initiative remains characterized by a voluntary and proactive spirit of human rights, pursuing the hope of a promising future for Moroccans living in the Sahara, the hope of bringing the disagreement to an end and into exile to liberate the people of the country. camps from the tragic situation in which they live, by introducing measures to ensure their return to their home country, their integration and the preservation of their dignity, the document states.

The report notes that the autonomy initiative also represents an effective realization of the “principle of self-determination” enshrined in international law, which guarantees people freedom of expression, democratic governance and full participation. “It gives all the peoples of the region a great deal of leeway to govern their local affairs, while respecting their cultural distinctiveness”, as His Majesty the King emphasized in his speech on 6 November 2012 on the occasion of the 37th anniversary of the Green March . .

According to the report, the initiative is a realistic proposal for the organization of power and the protection of rights and freedoms. The initiative thus proposes to enable the Sahara region to govern itself by ensuring the management of all aspects of its daily life and by exercising all regional powers through legislative, executive and judicial bodies with exclusive, explains the same source .

This possibility provides a rational solution for the sharing and organization of power between the central and autonomous authorities and a solid basis for strengthening the political participation of the population by giving it its own institutions, which it manages freely and responsibly on the basis of regional self-government public affairs, the report notes.

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