The World Bank has revealed that globally, 733 million people do not have access to electricity, including more than 570 million in sub-Saharan Africa, despite the fact that the world has achieved a remarkable leap in access to electricity over the last ten years. At the current rate, 670 million people will still be without electricity by 2030, 10 million more than the estimate set in 2021.
A World Bank document published on 1 July 2022 indicates that the share of the world’s population with access to electricity has increased from 83% in 2010 to 91% in 2020, an increase of 1.3 billion people in world”. However, the number of people without access to electricity around the world has fallen. It goes “from 1.2 billion in 2010 to 733 million in 2020”. However, the pace of progress in electrification has slowed in recent years, no doubt because it is still “harder to reach unattended, more remote and poorer populations, but also because of the unprecedented consequences of the Covid-19 pandemic”, experts from one of the Bretton Woods institutions. To reach the goal of 2030, “we need to make 100 million new connections a year,” argue electrical specialists. At the current rate of progress, the global electrification rate will be only 92% by 2030.
Between 2010 and 2020, electrification developed steadily in all regions of the world, albeit with large differences. If sub-Saharan Africa registers an improvement in access to electricity – (going from 46% in 2018 to 48% in 2020) – its position in terms of access deficits will worsen globally (71% in 2018 but 77% in 2020). Most other regions, including Central and South Asia, have seen their share of access deficits fall. Sub-Saharan Africa accounted for more than three quarters of the population (568 million people), still without access by 2020.
Senegal, an “upturn” in the dark
In relation to the West African region, Senegal is ranked among the countries with the highest access to electricity in West Africa with 76% at the end of 2019. However, there are large differences between urban and rural populations with access to electricity, with 94% and 53.9%. These results are the result of a well-developed energy policy through the Emerging Senegal Plan (PSE), which aims to “provide all citizens with access to reliable electricity in quantity, quality and at an affordable price by 2025”.
To carry out this roadmap, the government has mobilized around partners like the World Bank, nearly $ 280 million; BOAD about 75 million euros; European Union 20 million euros; the French Development Agency, 30 million euros, as well as the African Development Bank and KfW.
Non-polluting cooking agents
The source reports that the proportion of the world’s population with access to clean fuels and cooking technologies increased “to 69% by 2020”, an increase of 3 percentage points from the previous year.
However, given the population growth, especially in sub-Saharan Africa, the total number of people without access to clean cooking means has been relatively stable for decades. In ten years (2000 and 2010) it thus accounted for almost three billion or a third of the world’s population. It has fallen to around 2.4 billion by 2020. It is mainly in the large, densely populated Asian countries that progress has been made. In contrast, the access deficit has almost doubled in sub-Saharan Africa since 1990, reaching a total of around “923 million people by 2020,” note electricity experts …
Ensuring universal access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy means accelerating the proliferation of renewable energy sources for electricity, heat and transport. Although there is no quantitative target for SDG 7.2, depot inspectors agree that the share of renewable energy in total final energy consumption (TFEC) should increase significantly, although renewable energy consumption Renewable energy continues to grow during the pandemic, despite disruptions in economic activity and supply chains.
Sustainable Development Goal 7.3 aims to double the global annual improvement in primary energy intensity, the amount of energy used per year. created wealth unit, to 2.6% in 2010-30 compared to 1990-2010. From 2010 to 2019, the global annual improvements in energy intensity have averaged around 1.9%, well below target. The average annual improvement rate should therefore be 3.2% to catch up. It should be even higher, more than 4% for the rest of this decade, if the world is to achieve the goal of net zero emissions from the energy sector by 2050, as projected in the scenario. “.
According to the report, the flow of international public funds to developing countries to promote clean energy has declined for the second year in a row. They stood at $ 10.9 billion in 2019 despite the huge need for sustainable development in most countries and the growing pressing impact of climate change. This amount has decreased by almost 24% compared to the previous year, a decrease that could be exacerbated by the pandemic in 2020. In general, the level of funding remains below what is needed to reach SDG 7, especially in the most vulnerable and smallest areas. developed countries.
Moctar FICOU / VivAfrik
Med (JP Malou sudquotidien.sn)