IPBES has just published the report on its assessment “on the values of nature”. Biodiversity experts propose a new typology of natural values to end the biodiversity crisis.
It is now scientifically proven: Mankind’s interruption from nature is accelerating the biodiversity crisis. The IPBES Nature Values Assessment Report highlights the extent to which political and economic decisions all too often ignore them in favor of short-term and economic growth.
The researchers from the “IPCC of biodiversity” regret that the leaders have deliberately disregarded these values and future generations. According to them, the interests of indigenous peoples and communities are also violated. Reversing developments requires redefining the concepts ” development”of ” good quality of life » and integrate the different values of nature in line with goals of justice and sustainability “, the report assures. The four-year assessment of 82 scientists and experts is based on more than 13,000 scientific studies.
The values of nature passed by in silence
If the decisions favor short-term material gains, they are also made mainly for the benefit of the few. And when they do exist, the values of nature weigh very little. The scientific literature shows that less than 5% of published evaluation studies report that they are taken into account in policy decisions.
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In fact, the whole process rarely involves stakeholders. ” Only 2% of over 1,000 studies were reviewed [en lien avec la prise en compte des valeurs de la nature dans les décisions politiques et économiques, ndlr] consult stakeholders on the results of the valuation of nature, and only 1% of the surveys involve stakeholders at every step of the process of valuing nature. “apologizes to Unai Pascual, co-chair of the evaluation.
A new typology of natural values
Faced with these observations, IPBES wants to propose a new way of measuring the values of nature. But there is not a uniform natural relationship. IPBES has thus uncovered more than 50 approaches and methods for estimating values. They reflect how people around the world perceive, value and interact with nature in very different ways. To materialize these different approaches in decision-making, IPBES proposes a new typology of the values of nature. They thus refer to live by nature »” live with nature »” live in nature » or ” live and like nature ”.
IPBES explains this new typology. ” Live from nature » refers to all the resources that nature provides ” to secure people’s livelihoods, needs and desires such as food and material goods. The host family live with nature » relates to the life of “non-human living beings” e.g “a fish’s inherent right to live freely in a river”. Finally, “living in nature refers to the importance of nature as a framework that helps to create a sense of belonging and human identity”. And“Living as nature illustrates man’s physical, mental and spiritual connection with nature“.
Pay attention to nature at all levels
How to integrate nature’s different values for a ” fair and sustainable future “? IPBES first proposes that political and economic actors recognize the different values of nature and undertake to better evaluate them. It will then be a matter of integrating these values into all decision-making processes and reforming laws to remove negative externalities on nature. Finally, IPBES calls for creating space for dialogue to achieve global goals related to sustainability and justice.
A new global biodiversity framework for the next decade is to be completed before the end of the year at COP15 on biodiversity. ” The information, analyzes and tools from this assessment represent valuable contributions to this initiative, to the achievement of the goals of sustainable development and to the reorientation of all decisions so that they are followed by results that are more centered on the values and benefits of humanity and the rest. of nature “welcomes Ana María Hernández Salgar, President of IPBES.