the value of nature is still too poorly taken into account

Not only does nature have a value, but it has even more, depending on the indicators and methods used. And in the face of the global biodiversity crisis, the one that political and economic decision-makers take into account means enormous importance. Here is the report prepared on Monday 11 July by the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services – Ipbes), the Biodiversity IPCC in a report resulting from four years of study.

“More than 50 approaches and methods todiscretion values ​​exist. He not there there is therefore no shortage of funds and tools to make the values ​​of nature visible ”, emphasizes the report’s co-director, Professor Unai Pascua, quoted in the press release.

But despite its wealth, this diversity is all too often forgotten, while the predominant focus is on short-term profits and economic growth. Economic and political decisions have given priority to certain natural values, in particular market-based instrumental natural values, such as those associated with intensively produced foods, which, however, “do not adequately reflect how changes in nature affect human quality”. of life »notes Ipbes in its press release. Furthermore, policy-making neglects the many non-market values ​​associated with nature’s contributions to humans, such as climate regulation and cultural identity. »adds the independent intergovernmental body, of which 139 member states are represented.

A challenge with efficiency and inclusion

Gold, a development project can create economic benefits and jobs for which nature’s instrumental values ​​can be assessed, but it can also lead to the disappearance of species, associated with nature’s inherent values, and the destruction of cultural heritage. important for cultural identity and thus influences the relational values ​​of nature »emphasizes another co-director of the report, Professor Patricia Balvanera.

The different assessment approaches also reflect different visions of the world and ways of interacting with nature, reminds Ipbes, for whom consideration for them as a whole is therefore also a matter of inclusion.

Recognition and respect for the worldview, values ​​and traditional knowledge of indigenous peoples and communities strengthen the inclusive dimension of policies, which also translates into better outcomes for people and for nature. »summarizes Dr. Brigitte Baptiste, another co-director of the report.

COP15 biodiversity in perspective

To help decision makers understand this diversity, Ipbes therefore summarizes it in ” four overall perspectives »

lives by nature emphasizes nature’s ability to provide resources to support human livelihoods, needs and desires such as food and material goods. Living with Nature emphasizes the lives of ‘non-human living beings’, for example the fish’s inherent right to live freely in a river, regardless of the needs of the people. Living in nature refers to the importance of nature as a framework that helps to create a sense of belonging and human identity. Living as nature illustrates man’s physical, mental and spiritual connection with nature.

The purpose is in particular to guide the decisions of the parties to the UN Convention on Biological Diversity, which are to meet -aalmost four postponements due to the health crisis- from December 5 to 17 in Montreal, Canada, as part of their 15th World Conference (COP15). They will have to define Ithe global biodiversity framework for the next decade ”, emphasizes Ipbes, who wants them to take into account ” Ithe information, analyzes and tools provided by their report ”.

In 2019, Ipbe’s global assessment report presented “ the role of economic growth as one of the main driving forces behind the destruction of nature, responsible for the threat of extinction that weighs a million plant and animal species ”. And in a report released on Friday, July 8, the same UN agency pointed to the overexploitation of wild species – land animals, fish, algae, fungi, plants or even trees – and the threat it represents to the well-being of billions of people. creatures.