Algeria is systematically hindering the process of settling the Moroccan Sahara case

The United Kingdom’s Permanent Representative to the United Nations has exposed the Algerian regime’s long-running policy, which puts an end to the settlement of the Moroccan Sahara dispute and seeks in vain to evade its direct responsibility in the current stalemate in the roundtable process.

This is certainly a fatal blow to the Algerian military junta and further proof, if necessary, of its involvement and its attempts to disrupt the political process of resolving the dispute over the Moroccan Sahara. On July 4, 2022, the UN Security Council published, as an official document, the four-step response from Ambassador Omar Hilale, Permanent Representative of the Kingdom of Morocco to the United Nations in New York, in which he dismantles the false letter from Algeria. Ambassador to the UN, Nadir Larbaoui, dated 9 June 2022.

In his letter to the Security Council, Mr. Hilale the obvious omissions and the guilty silences that the Algerian ambassador displayed without embarrassment on the subject of travel, financing, indoctrination, the military formations of the so-called Sultana. Khaya and many facts that directly involve Algeria’s responsibility and complicity in this activist’s agitations and voice for armed violence against civilians and separatism. These alleged omissions by the Algerian diplomat reveal his inability to provide tangible answers to the Moroccan ambassador’s irrefutable and substantiated accusations. This proves Algeria’s main role in the direct recruitment of the few separatist elements who, without convincing through a peaceful discourse in accordance with Moroccan laws, shamelessly flow into incitement and incitement to murder, to military action and attacks on public and private property. . This is totally prohibited by international law, in particular Article 19 of the UN Convention on Civil and Political Rights, of which Algeria is nevertheless a part.

Algeria is facing its lies
The Moroccan ambassador’s response to the denials of his Algerian counterpart is a genuine accusation condemning Algeria’s primary responsibility in this regional conflict, from its inception in 1975 until today. Mr. Hilale stressed that Algeria has been mentioned 5 times, in the same way as Morocco, in the last four Security Council resolutions that break down the Algerian illusion of a pseudo-observer status. In his letter, Mr Hilale also reveals Algeria’s low maneuvering, which by attacking the UN is trying in vain to abdicate its direct responsibility in the current blockade of the round table process.

Sir. Hilale actually lists one by one the many manifestations of Algerian obstruction, the most indisputable of which is his letter to the Security Council of October 2021, in which he vehemently rejects any reference to any obligation on his part to participate in the round table. Thus, the Moroccan ambassador confronted Algeria with his lies, which the international community no longer believes, especially when it shamefully seeks to hold the UN responsible for blocking the political process. An act considered indecent and described as low maneuvering by Mr. Hilale and a tactic that even Algeria’s friends criticize as a disregard.

To the false and unfounded accusations of the Algerian ambassador about alleged human rights violations in the Moroccan Sahara and his call to extend MINURSO’s mandate to include monitoring the human rights situation A man “like all the other PKOs”, Mr. Hilale responded primarily on the right, referring to the recent 13 Security Council resolutions, all of which welcome “the measures and initiatives taken by Morocco, the role played by the commissions of the National Human Rights Council in Dakhla and Laâyoune, and welcome the interaction between Morocco. and the mechanisms of the special procedures of the United Nations Human Rights Council ”.

He also mocked his Algerian counterpart’s blatant ignorance of the nuances and differences in the nature and mandates of UN peacekeeping operations. He reminded him that MINURSO is a traditional PKO with the sole mandate to monitor the ceasefire, adding in this regard that MINURSO is by no means the only UN peacekeeping operation that does not have a peacekeeping component. human rights along with seven other peacekeeping operations out of the 12 currently operational. Finally, Mr. Hilale the Algerian ambassador to focus instead on the serious human rights violations in his own country, which has aroused concern and condemnation among UN officials and human rights organizations. Hilale’s response, published as an official document by the UN Security Council, testifies to the conviction of this UN executive body for Algeria’s irresponsible actions and the jargon of its representative permanently at the UN.

The common denominator of Security Council Resolutions 2440, 2464, 2494 and 2548 is their emphasis on the need to reach a fair, mutually acceptable and compromise-based solution. In addition, for the first time, Algeria was included in Resolution 2440 of October 2018 and subsequent resolutions, and in particular Resolution 2602, which means that the Security Council considers it a party to the conflict and no longer merely an observer or a neighboring country.

Algeria and its puppet Polisario are calling for direct negotiations, while Morocco is calling for a continuation of the framework of the “round table” negotiations with the participation of Algiers, Rabat, Nouakchott and Polisario, as defined by the Security Council. The Algerian blockade has been lifted since May 22, 2019, the end date of the mandate of the former special envoy, the German Horst Köhler. The round table process, which took place in December 2018 and March 2019 in Geneva, Morocco, Algeria, Mauritania and Polisario, suffered the same fate for the same reasons. Since then, Security Council resolutions have confirmed Algeria’s role as a stakeholder in this conflict and reaffirmed the “roundtable” political process.

Also in the same resolutions, the Moroccan Autonomy Initiative has been repeatedly raised in UN reports as being a serious path towards a mutually acceptable political solution. In addition to this, Algeria seeks to present Morocco as an enemy by constantly pretending to face alleged threats, and competing in vain with the Kingdom to challenge its influence and its regional and continental leadership. Fortunately, these lies are short-lived. Today, more than ever, Algeria’s responsibility in this conflict and its blockade is revealed in broad daylight with the knowledge and views of the entire international community.

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