On December 10, 2020, then-US President Donald Trump announced to the world the resumption of diplomatic relations between Morocco and Israel and his government’s recognition of the Sahara’s Moroccan status. Two years later, the axes of cooperation between Rabat and Tel Aviv are in almost all areas of intelligence, from industry to military training, but also in education, health and even the workforce. Today is a new era of royal instructions for the proper representation of Jewish personalities and symbols in the kingdom.
Despite a period of uncertainty leading up to Trump’s departure from the White House, his successor did not reverse the recognition. Joe Biden remained on course despite pressure from Democratic and Republican lawmakers.
Morocco was in fact able to obtain an official declaration confirming the tripartite agreement following talks between Nasser Bourita and Antony Blinken in Washington. The Biden administration thus officially and for the first time “ greeted ‘1st anniversary of the Joint Declaration between Morocco, Israel and the United States, signed with King Mohammed VI on 22 December 2020 in Rabat. An agreement that opened the way for the resumption of diplomatic relations between Rabat and Tel Aviv.
The second part of the US decision of 10 December 2020 is the resumption of diplomatic relations with Israel. In almost a year, the two countries have established a platform for dialogue and cooperation with working groups to meet, discuss and cooperate, said Foreign Minister Nasser Bourita as he attended the celebration of the anniversary of the Abraham Agreement at a video conference on 17 September. . , 2021.
During this meeting, he stressed that Moroccans and Israelis signed “20 agreements”, the most important of which is the Memorandum of Understanding on Military and Security Cooperation, which was sealed on 24 November 2021 on the occasion of Defense Minister Benny Gantz’s visit to Rabat. This is the first time that Israel has signed with an Arab state. In addition to this high-profile trip to the Kingdom, former Foreign Minister and current acting Prime Minister Yair Lapid’s trip to Morocco in August is also worth mentioning.
The kingdom confirms its Jewish culture
King Mohammed VI’s visit to Bayt Dakira, a historical monument to the Moroccan Jewish community in Essaouira, did not come out of nowhere. The royal visit was carried out on 15 January 2020 and symbolizes respect for the Jewish faith and its followers.
In Essaouira, the celebration of Moroccan Judaism by the king was warmly welcomed by the international community. “Israel’s former president, Reuven Rivlin, who was in office at the time, praised the king’s enthusiasm for continuing.” the legacy of his ancestors through close ties to the Jews of Morocco and the promotion of coexistence between Muslims, Jews and Christians “.
The key to Morocco’s reputation as a ” exception in the Arab world “and” good house in a bad neighborhood is its commendable security apparatus and a legacy of religious tolerance, pluralism and coexistence. “, Supports Rivlin, President of the State of Israel from 2014 to 2021.
Morocco was once home to the largest Jewish community in the Muslim world and reached a population of 300,000 at its highest.
The Jewish presence in Morocco dates back to the time of the Phoenician Carthaginian state, more than 2,500 years ago and long before the arrival of Arabs from the Middle East in 680 AD.
The tide finally turned in the 20th century when King Mohammed V ascended the throne and fortified Morocco as a bulwark against the anti-Semitism that ravaged Europe during World War II.
Symbols more than alive
Today, the kingdom confirms its Jewish culture. On July 13, King Mohammed VI chaired a council of ministers in Rabat, where several measures were taken for the proper representation of Jewish personalities and symbols in the kingdom.
The mechanism presented to the King’s high esteem, drawn up after broad consultations with representatives of the Jewish community and personalities belonging to it, includes the following bodies:
The National Council of the Moroccan Jewish Community: It provides for the management of the affairs of the community and the safeguarding of the heritage and the cultural and religious influence of Judaism and its authentic Moroccan values. Regional committees derived from the council will be responsible for dealing with issues and day-to-day affairs of the members of the community.
Commission for Moroccan Jews Abroad: It works to consolidate the relations between Moroccan Jews established abroad and their country of origin, to strengthen their religious and cultural influence and to defend the supreme interests of the Kingdom.
The foundation of Moroccan Judaism: Its mission is to promote and watch over the Jewish-Moroccan intangible heritage, to protect its traditions and to preserve its distinctiveness ”.
Israel is moving towards massive recruitment of Moroccan workers
According to a statement dated June 20, 2022, following the signing of an agreement between Foreign Minister Nasser Bourita and Israeli Interior Minister Ayelet Shaked, Israel will be allowed to recruit Moroccan construction workers. The aim is that representatives of Israeli industry and trade unions want to look specifically for skilled workers in Morocco.
Quoted by The Jerusalem Post, Yitzhak Moyal, leader of Histadrut’s construction and woodworkers’ association in Israel, said: “We are missing about 40,000 workers in ten different professions. We hope to recruit about 15,000 Moroccan construction workers in a few steps. This could really improve the pace of construction in Israel. . »
“After the signing of the peace agreement, the Moroccan government started talking to us. We learned that Morocco has a large number of skilled workers and thought about how we could make it work. We should send teams to Morocco to test the professionalism of the workers, he said. Thus, Moroccan workers could start coming to Israel in early 2023, Yitzhak Moyal pointed out, where they would earn higher wages.
Covers the skills shortage in Israel via Morocco
The reason Moroccan labor is attracted to Israel is the lack of construction workers and carers for the elderly or disabled. There are about 60,000 nurses in the country, mainly from East Asia, but also 100,000 foreign construction workers who have mainly come to Israel from the West Bank, Thailand and China. As things stand, however, Israel only wants to recruit workers and not allow Moroccan construction companies and their employees to enter the Israeli construction industry.
It has not yet been determined whether the Moroccan workers want to go to Israel. Many may fear being sent to work in the Occupied Palestinian Territories and in the construction of settlements. It is also not yet known what the residency status of these people will be, whether this recruitment will be time-limited or whether family reunification will be possible. History has shown that people must also be socially integrated. The second largest Moroccan diaspora already lives in Israel, with almost one million people of Moroccan origin.
At the same time, Morocco itself suffers from a shortage of skilled labor in the health sector, which could jeopardize health care reform and the successful introduction of universal health insurance, as a greater demand for medical care is expected than the existing person can meet. .
Interior Minister Shaked is the third member of the Israeli government in Morocco
Interior Minister Ayelet Shaked is the third Israeli minister to visit Morocco in recent months, after Economy Minister Orna Barbivai in February and Science and Technology Minister Orit Farkash-Hacohen in May. In late 2021, former Foreign Minister and current acting Prime Minister Lapid visited the Kingdom, normalizing relations with Israel in late 2020.
Memorandum of Understanding for the construction of hospitals in Morocco
The revival of diplomatic cooperation between Morocco and Israel has seen an acceleration in multilateral relations between the two countries.
Signing of a Memorandum of Understanding for the construction of hospitals in Morocco.
A memorandum of understanding has been signed between the Ministry of Health and Social Protection and the Israeli company IMS Ovadia Group Ltd on the construction of hospitals in Morocco.
The signing of this agreement during a ceremony led by the Minister of Health and Social Protection, Khalid Ait Taleb, is part of the strengthening of bilateral cooperation and the promotion of investment and innovation in various areas, including the health sector, the ministry said in a opinion Thursday.
This Memorandum of Understanding, which is part of a public-private partnership approach, in line with King Mohammed VI’s high directives aimed at establishing a model for social development based on the principles of equality between equality and solidarity, has set itself the goal. to implement an investment program for the construction and equipment of hospitals with a contribution from IMS Ovadia Group Ltd, estimated at 5 billion dirhams.
The first phase of this investment program concerns the construction of 5 hospitals with a capacity of 1,000 beds in the regions of Dakhla-Oued Eddahab, Fez-Meknes, Daraa-Tafilalet, Oriental and Marrakech-Safi.