The autonomy plan presented by Morocco in 2007 to resolve the regional dispute over the Sahara enjoys growing and unequivocal support in the UN, a conclusion that testifies to the proactivity of Moroccan diplomacy, which draws its strength from King Mohammed VI’s insightful vision and foresighted leadership.
Whether it is the latest UN Security Council resolution or the debates in the 4e the General Assembly and the Committee of 24 (C24), the precedence of the autonomy plan is constantly strengthened as the only solution to reach a solution to the artificial conflict around the Moroccan Sahara.
Thus, in its Resolution 2602, adopted last October, the UN Executive Committee once again devoted the overweight, seriousness and credibility of the Moroccan Autonomy Initiative, which is the only solution to this regional conflict, within the framework of sovereignty. and the territorial. The integrity of the kingdom.
This clearest inauguration was also confirmed by many countries, regional groups and petitioners, who followed each other on the podium for the 4.e UN General Assembly Commission to support the political process and highlight Morocco’s sincere efforts contained in the self-government plan.
Ambassadors and representatives of delegations and regional groupings spoke to express their conviction of Morocco’s sovereignty over its southern provinces and to highlight the primacy of the autonomy plan as the only solution to the conflict.
The same observation was made during the regional C24 seminar for the Caribbean, held in May last year in Castries, Saint Lucia, and during the annual meeting of the same committee, which took place in June. During these two conclaves, the autonomy plan was broadly and strongly supported by UN member states, petitioners and regional groupings, proving once again the serious, credible and viable nature of the Moroccan “autonomy” initiative.
Another highlight of these two events is the effective participation of the elected representatives of the Moroccan Sahara, which undeniably and irrevocably establishes the UN and international recognition of their status as legitimate representatives of the people of the Southern Provinces of the Kingdom. This effective participation once again undermines the alleged and chimerical representativeness of the separatist group, the “polisario”.
Security Council Resolution 2602, following the last four resolutions of the UN Executive, has also reinforced the relevance of the Round Table process with its modalities and its four participants, namely Morocco, Algeria, Mauritania and the “polisario”.
Whether it pleases an Algeria that is losing its mark, Ministers have asked Staffan de Mistura, the Secretary – General’s new personal envoy for the Sahara, to resume the promotion of the roundtable political process and reaffirm once again that the ultimate goal of this process is to arrive at a political, realistic, pragmatic, lasting, mutually acceptable solution based on compromise.
Driven by a firm will and an unwavering conviction, Morocco continues its construction march for the benefit of the people of the southern provinces, thanks to the new development model launched by King Mohammed VI in 2015.
Within the framework of this avant-garde model, which involves all the components of the local population, around $ 8 billion is invested in socio-economic and structural projects at regional level, such as the Atlantic port Dakhla, the largest in deep water in Africa, and the University of Medicine and Pharmacy in Laâyoune, one of the largest in the Kingdom.
This strong support for the first national cause comes in the context of the great diplomatic successes achieved by the Kingdom, as well as the growing support for the Moroccan character of the Sahara, the legitimacy of the Kingdom’s rights over its southern provinces and the Autonomy Initiative as the only solution to this regional conflict created from scratch and maintained by Algeria for more than 45 years.
These include in particular the United States’ recognition of Morocco’s full sovereignty over its southern provinces and the strong and unequivocal support of United Nations Member States, many of which support the plan for autonomy such as such as Spain, Germany, the Philippines, the Netherlands, Romania and Hungary.